Kimiyya da Fasaha

Masana kimiyyar Turkiyya sun gano wani lahani a lokacin jujjuyawar tauraron neutron biyu

Ankara (INA) - Tawagar masana kimiyyar lissafi ta jami'ar fasaha ta Gabas ta Tsakiya ta Turkiyya ta sanar a yau cewa, sun gano wani babban lahani a lokacin jujjuyawar tauraron neutron, wanda ake ganin yana daya daga cikin abubuwan da suka fi yawa a sararin samaniya, kuma suna daukar nauyi. Matsayinsa a cikin tsarin taurari biyu. Farfesa Altan Baikal, memba na Sashen Kimiyyar Kimiyya na Jami'ar, ya ce: Taurari masu yawan gaske suna fashewa bayan man da suke da shi ya kare, sannan aka samar da wata sabuwar jiki ta sama. Ya yi nuni da cewa sabon jikin sararin samaniya yana iya zama farin dwarf, tauraron neutron, ko kuma baƙar rami. Yana mai nuni da cewa tauraruwar neutron ta haka ne ke samuwa, kuma tauraron da aka ambata yana kewaye da filayen maganadisu masu ƙarfi sosai. Ya bayyana cewa: An fara ganin tauraron neutron ne a karon farko a shekarar 1968, kuma yana da diamita na kusan kilomita 10, kuma yana dauke da ruwa mai yawa a cikinsa. Ya kara da cewa sun gudanar da bincike a kan irin wannan nau’in tauraro neutron ta hanyar nazarin bayanan adana kayan tarihi da tauraron dan adam X-ray ke lura da shi a jami’ar. Ya bayyana cewa, a karshen aikin sa ido na tsawon shekaru uku, sun gano akwai wani lokaci na sararin samaniyar taurarin neutron mai suna SXP 1062, kuma yana daya daga cikin sassan tsarin tauraron dan adam. Ya kara da cewa: Mun gano cewa tsawon lokacin da wannan tauraro neutron yake yi kwanaki 656 ne, kuma mun lura a cikin binciken da aka yi na lokaci cewa akwai wani babban lahani a lokacin jujjuyawar tsakiya, wato mintuna 18. Ya yi nuni da cewa, tauraro biyu da ke aikewa da na’urar X-ray zuwa sararin samaniya ana sa ido ta hanyar tauraron dan adam tun shekarar 1973, amma a karon farko wata tawagar masana kimiyya ta gano wata babbar matsala a tsawon lokacin da cibiyar ke kewaye da kanta a cikin tsarin taurari biyu. . Ya kara da cewa: Wannan nakasu ya samo asali ne daga mu’amalar harsashin tauraro da ruwan da ke cikinsa, kuma muna iya daukarsa kamar girgizar kasa, amma a cikin wannan tauraro akwai nakasu kwatsam a cikin lokacinta. Ya jaddada cewa masana ilmin taurari a duniya suna neman bincike da yawa game da tauraron neutron. Ƙaddara cewa kimiyya ba ta san wani lahani a tsakiyar tauraron neutron ba. Ya bayyana imaninsa cewa tauraruwar da aka gano ta kebanta ne da tauraruwar da suka lura da ita, inda ya kara da cewa: Muhimmancin wannan binciken ya samo asali ne daga yadda yake ba da damar fahimtar lokacin jujjuyawar tauraro da kuma ma’aunin da ke cikinsa, domin babu wanda ya iya. don warware lambobin su kafin. Ya yi nuni da cewa, sun buga binciken nasu ne a cikin shahararren mujallar kimiyya ta Biritaniya, Monthly Notes of the Royal Astronomical Society a ranar 6 ga Satumba. Abin lura shi ne cewa tauraron neutron jiki ne na sama mai matsakaicin diamita, kuma yawansa ya kai tsakanin 1.44 zuwa 3 na hasken rana, kuma wani nau'i ne na rago wanda ya samo asali daga faduwar wani katon tauraro a nau'in II, Ib. ko Ic supernova. Wannan tauraro ya kunshi musamman kwayoyin halitta da suka hada da neutrons, kuma yawan yawansa yana da girma sosai a tsakiyarsa, sannan yana da siffofi da ban da girmansa mai girma, kamar filin maganadisu da ke kewaye da shi, da kuma yawan zafinsa. Taurarin Neutron sune mafi ƙanƙanta kuma mafi girman nau'in tauraro da aka sani. (Karshe) h p

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