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Maldives, alamar yawon buɗe ido a tsakiyar Tekun Indiya, tana murnar Ranar Ƙasa

Jeddah (Yuna) - daya daga cikin sammai na Ubangiji a doron kasa, alama ce ta kyawawa da yawon shakatawa a tsakiyar tekun Indiya, duk idanu masu neman kyawu suna kwadayinsa, kuma dukkan zukata masu neman shagala daga gajiyar rayuwa suna zuwa kasa. a cikin wannan duniyar da babu ruwanta da ruwa, tsibiran tsibirai da jama'a, mai karimci, ita ce Maldives, wurin da masu son kyan gani suke, kuma daya daga cikin kasashen Kungiyar Hadin Kan Musulunci tun daga shekarar 1976, wadda ke bikin gobe Alhamis 26 ga watan Yuli. ranar samun ‘yancin kai, wanda ta yi nasara ta hanyar gwagwarmayar al’ummarta tare da kiyaye ta cikin kwanciyar hankali da kwanciyar hankali tare da daidaiton dangantaka da kasashen duniya. Maldives rukuni ne na tsibiran da suka hada da tsibiran murjani kimani 1.190 da aka taru a cikin sarkar biyu na tsibiran murjani guda 26. Tana cikin nahiyar Asiya a cikin tekun Indiya, kuma equator ta ratsa ta zuwa kudanci. kira shi Dhiba al-Mahal ko Mohaldeeb, kuma da alama an gurbata shi kuma ya zama Maldives. Biritaniya ta yi mulkin Maldives na tsawon shekaru 78 a matsayin mamaya na Birtaniyya, sannan Maldives ta samu 'yancin kai a shekara ta 1965 miladiyya, kuma sunanta a cikin harshen hukuma Devi Raji (Jamhuriyar Maldives), babban birninta kuwa Mali ne, Maldives kuma memba ce. na Commonwealth of Nations, inda ya shiga a 1982 AD. Nazarin kwatankwacin ilimin harshe da al'adu da al'adu a cikin Maldives sun nuna cewa mutanen farko na daular Dravidian sun fito ne daga Kerala a zamanin Sangam (300 BC - 300 AD), kuma waɗannan binciken sun nuna cewa waɗannan mazaunan mafarauta ne kawai waɗanda suka fito daga kudu. na yankin Indiya da yammacin teku zuwa Sri Lanka. Mutanen Giravaru - wadanda 'yan asalin Tamil ne - ana daukar su daya daga cikin mazaunan farko a Maldives, saboda an ambaci kasancewarsu a cikin tarihin Maldivia da kuma kafa mulkin sarauta a cikin Male. tafiye-tafiyen teku na mutanen Kerala kuma ya kai ga zama mazauna Tamils ​​a cikin Lakshdeep da Maldives har sai an dauki wadannan tsibiran a matsayin rukuni daya a cikin tsibiran. Harsunan Malayalam, kuma wannan tasirin yana bayyana a cikin sunaye, waƙoƙi da rawa. Wasu suna jayayya cewa mazauna Gujarat sun kasance babban rukunin ƙaura zuwa Maldives, yayin da tafiye-tafiyen teku daga Gujarat zuwa Maldives suka fara a lokacin wayewar Indus Valley. Wasu nazarin kuma sun nuna cewa wasu daga cikin bakin haure na farko na iya fitowa daga kudu maso gabashin Asiya. Sinhalese, karkashin jagorancin Yarima Vijaya, sun zo Maldives a tsakanin 543 BC zuwa 483 BC bayan an tilasta musu barin asalin gidansu na Orissa. An ambaci gabatarwar Musulunci a cikin hukunce-hukuncen da aka rubuta akan faranti na tagulla tun daga ƙarshen karni na 12. Shahararren matafiyi dan kasar Morocco Ibn Battuta, wanda ya ziyarci kasar Maldives a karni na 14, ya rubuta cewa wani dan kasar Moroko mai suna Abu Barakat al-Barbari ya yi imanin cewa shi ne ke da alhakin yada addinin musulunci a tsibirin, duk da cewa an tambayi abin da ya fada daga baya. Ya ambaci wasu abubuwa masu mahimmanci na al'adun Maldivia. Misali, a tarihi Larabci shi ne babban yaren gudanar da mulki a can, maimakon harsunan Farisa da Urdu da ake amfani da su a kasashen musulmi makwabta. A ranar 16 ga Disamba, 1887, Sarkin Maldives ya rattaba hannu kan wata yarjejeniya tare da gwamnan Birtaniya na Ceylon yana mai da Maldives zuwa gamayyar Biritaniya, don haka ya bar ikon mallakar tsibiran a cikin lamuran da suka shafi manufofin waje, amma yana riƙe da 'yancin kai na cikin gida. Gwamnatin Burtaniya ta yi alkawarin ba da kariya ga sojoji da kuma rashin tsoma baki a cikin hukumomin gida don samun karramawar shekara-shekara, ta yadda tsibiran sun fi kama da wata masarautar Indiya. Daga cikin manyan biranen Maldives akwai birnin Mali, babban birnin kasar, kuma shi ne birni mafi girma, babban birnin kasar, kuma babban tashar jiragen ruwa, ya mamaye wani karamin yanki, amma yana da ban mamaki da ban sha'awa, kuma yayi kama da. manyan garuruwa saboda tsafta, tsari da tsari, Masallatai da kasuwanni sun yi yawa, sun yi kaca-kaca da kananan tituna masu hade-hade da kaman gilasai ga wanda bai san su ba, yana da fara'arsa. Tsibirin tattalin arziki mai tsawon kilomita biyu da fadin kilomita daya, iyakokinsa na cike da gine-gine, kuma yawan al'ummarsa ya kai kusan 65.000, amma tare da ma'aikata 'yan kasashen waje da masu yawon bude ido, adadinsa ya kai mutane 100.000, kuma ga alama haka. Addu atoll ko kuma birnin Addu shine birni na biyu a cikin Maldives, kuma wurin shakatawa shi ne mafi kyawun wurin da masu yawon bude ido ke ziyartar sauran Maldives, mazauna tsibirin ana kiran su Addu. Yawancin masu yawon bude ido suna zuwa Maldives akan tafiye-tafiyen da aka shirya, suna zama a ɗaya daga cikin wuraren shakatawa sama da 95, kuma wuri ne na hutun amarci, hutun dangi, da hutu tare da abokai. Masu yawon bude ido a wuraren shakatawa suna yin nutsewar ruwa. Yawancin su suna kan atolls uku kusa da babban birnin kasar, Marlay Marlay a kudu da tsibirin Aare, kuma akwai wasu wuraren shakatawa a kusa da atolls.

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