Doha (UNA/QNA) - Many hopes are placed on the success of the forty-fourth session of the Supreme Council of the Gulf Cooperation Council, scheduled to be hosted by the State of Qatar tomorrow, Tuesday, in supporting the process of joint Gulf action, enhancing integration, interconnection and coordination among member states in all fields, and consolidating Bonds of brotherhood and unification of the Gulf ranks, in a way that achieves the aspirations and hopes of the peoples of the Council countries.
Over the course of more than 42 years, the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, under the guidance of the leaders of the Council states, has been keen to establish solid fraternal relations between member states through many regular, extraordinary and consultative summits, which have achieved many achievements in support of the integration of joint Gulf action politically, economically, defenseally, security and socially. Humanly and at various levels.
The blessed journey of the Gulf Cooperation Council began on May 1981, XNUMX, when Their Majesties and Highnesses, the leaders of the State of Qatar, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the State of the United Arab Emirates, the State of Kuwait, the Sultanate of Oman, and the Kingdom of Bahrain, reached a cooperative formula that includes the six countries, and aims to achieve coordination, integration, and interconnection between them in All fields to achieve their unity, and to deepen and strengthen ties, connections and aspects of cooperation between the citizens of the Council countries, based on the special relations, common characteristics and similar systems that link these countries, based on the Islamic faith and belief in a common destiny and unity of purpose, and based on the fact that cooperation among them serves the interests of All the peoples of the Arab nation.
The countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council are distinguished by the depth of religious and cultural ties and family mingling between their citizens, and in their entirety they are factors of rapprochement and unification strengthened by the flat geographical area across the coastal desert environment that embraces the residents of this region, and facilitated contact and communication between them and created interconnectedness between the residents of this region and homogeneity in identity and values, which increased It strengthens the Council’s strength and strengthens its position in facing regional challenges.
Among the basic objectives of the Cooperation Council is to establish similar systems in the fields of economic, financial, commercial, customs, transportation, education, culture, social, health, media, tourism, legislative and administrative affairs, in order to advance scientific and technical progress in the fields of industry, mining, agriculture, aquatic and animal resources, establish scientific research centers and establish projects. Joint and encourage cooperation, for the benefit of the peoples of the Council countries.
The Council includes major bodies, namely the Supreme Council, the Ministerial Council and the General Secretariat. The Supreme Council is the supreme authority of the Cooperation Council and consists of the leaders of the member states. Its presidency is rotating according to the alphabetical order of the names of the states. The Council meets in a regular session every year and extraordinary sessions may be held upon invitation. Any of the members and the support of another member. The Supreme Council also holds its sessions in the countries of the member states, and the Council meeting is considered valid if two-thirds of the member states are present.
The Supreme Council is responsible for working to achieve the objectives of the Cooperation Council with regard to considering issues of concern to member states, setting the supreme policy of the Cooperation Council and the basic lines it follows, and considering the recommendations, reports, studies and joint projects presented to it by the Ministerial Council in preparation for their approval, as well as considering the reports. And the studies that the Secretary-General was assigned to prepare, in addition to adopting the foundations for dealing with other countries and international organizations, approving the system of the Dispute Settlement Body and naming its members, in addition to appointing the Secretary-General, amending the statute of the Cooperation Council, approving its bylaws, and approving the budget of the General Secretariat.
Each member of the Supreme Council has one vote in voting on the Council’s decisions. The Supreme Council’s decisions on substantive matters are issued unanimously by the member states present and participating in the vote, and its decisions on procedural matters are issued by a majority.
The Supreme Council is affiliated with the Dispute Settlement Authority, where the Supreme Council is responsible for forming the authority in each case separately according to the nature of the dispute. If a dispute arises over the interpretation or application of the statute and it is not settled within the framework of the Ministerial Council or the Supreme Council, the Supreme Council refers it to the Dispute Settlement Authority. The Commission submits its report, including its recommendations or fatwa, as the case may be, to the Supreme Council to take what it deems appropriate.
In order for the leaders of the Gulf Cooperation Council countries to expand the consultation base in order to achieve the aspirations and hopes of the peoples of the Gulf Cooperation Council countries, an advisory body was established for the Supreme Council of the Cooperation Council. The advisory body for the Supreme Council consists of thirty members, with five members from each member state, who are chosen. Citizens of member states with experience and competence.
The Advisory Board of the Supreme Council was established by a decision of the Council at its eighteenth session in Kuwait in 1997, with the aim of providing advice on everything that would support the progress of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf and prepare it to face future challenges. The Commission is specialized in studying what is referred to it by the Supreme Council.
The Authority annually chooses its president from among the representatives of the state that presides over the session of the Supreme Council, and a vice-president from among the representatives of the country next in line. The Authority does not discuss matters except what is referred to it by the Supreme Council of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf. The Authority is assisted by an administrative body related to The General Secretariat of the Cooperation Council is the Office of Advisory Body Affairs.
The Advisory Body exercises its duties according to a mechanism consistent with its system and the nature of the issues to which it is assigned. After the issuance of the mandate by the Supreme Council of the Advisory Body and the start of the new session of the Cooperation Council, the Authority holds a meeting in which it selects the president and his deputy for its new session, in the presence of the Secretary-General of the Cooperation Council, in which he is responsible for conveying the Council’s direction. Then a general discussion takes place of the topics assigned to be studied on the basis of the memorandums and information provided by the General Secretariat, and the observations and comments presented by the members regarding all topics. Committees are formed from whose members each committee topic is to study it in detail, and committee members prepare studies and working papers for each topic. A topic, and some specialized experts may be sought, then each committee prepares a draft of the Commission’s views on this topic.
After the committees finish preparing the draft visions, the Commission holds a general meeting to discuss what the Commission’s committees have developed and agree on a unified formula for its visions regarding the issues referred to it, which it submits to the Supreme Council. In its previous sessions, the Supreme Council approved all the visions of the Advisory Commission and referred them to the relevant ministerial committees.
In order to support the role of the Advisory Body in contributing effectively to enhancing the process of joint work, the Supreme Council decided at its twenty-first session to invite the Chairman of the Authority to attend the meetings of the Supreme Council to respond to any inquiries that the Supreme Council may have regarding the views of the Advisory Body on the topics referred to it by the Council. It is customary, as of the third session of the Commission, for the President of the Ministerial Council to meet with the members of the Commission in the first meeting of each session, to inform them of developments concerning the Council countries and to respond to members’ inquiries. Representatives of the Commission also hold a joint annual meeting with the Ministerial Council during which the views are reviewed. The body that will be submitted to the Supreme Council.
In order for the Authority to continuously evaluate and develop its performance, the Authority forms at the beginning of each session a Presidency Committee, which is responsible for coordinating the work of the Authority and examining the possibility of developing its performance and submitting proposals in this regard. The Presidency Committee also has a role in following up on the implementation of the Authority’s visions and submitting proposals in this regard, and this committee participates The committee holds the joint annual meeting with the Ministerial Council, in which it discusses the advisory body’s views.
The Advisory Commission enjoys the care and attention of Their Majesties and Highnesses, the leaders of the Gulf Cooperation Council countries, who expressed this during their meetings with its members. Believing in the role of the Commission, its experience, and the views and studies it provided that were characterized by professionalism and objectivity, the Supreme Council decided at its twenty-third session in Doha in 2002 to form a committee. From the Member States and the General Secretariat to prepare a report on the development of the current Advisory Body work system, so that the ideas proposed by the Advisory Body and the views, ideas and perceptions that the Member States see in this regard are included.
The Advisory Commission Affairs Office officially began its duties from its permanent headquarters in the Omani capital, Muscat, as of October 2003, 2003. The committee formed to study the development of the Commission’s work system completed the preparation of its report, which was presented to the Supreme Council at its twenty-fourth session in Kuwait in XNUMX, where it was decided to form a committee. Political and legal experts from the Member States and the General Secretariat prepared a comprehensive and complete vision for the process of developing the Authority’s system, taking into account the importance of the subject, the constitutional and legal dimensions, and the structural structure of the Cooperation Council and its institutions. The Authority’s development project is still under study by the Member States.
The Supreme Council of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf also approved, at its twenty-eighth session in Doha in 2007, the holding of three periodic meetings of the Advisory Body every year, and the Authority’s initiative to study issues that are different or over which there is disagreement among the member states on issues related to joint cooperation between the GCC states. .
Among the basic organs of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf is the Ministerial Council, which consists of the foreign ministers of the member states or their representative ministers. The presidency of the Ministerial Council is the state that assumed the presidency of the last regular session of the Supreme Council, and when necessary, the next state in the presidency of the Supreme Council.
The Ministerial Council of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf holds its meetings once every three months, and may hold extraordinary sessions based on the invitation of any member and the support of another member. The Ministerial Council decides the location of its next session, and its meeting is considered valid if two-thirds of the member states attend.
The Ministerial Council is responsible for proposing policies and developing recommendations, studies and projects that aim to develop cooperation and coordination between the member states of the Cooperation Council in various fields and take the necessary decisions or recommendations regarding them, in addition to working to encourage, develop and coordinate existing activities between the member states in various fields and making recommendations. For the Supreme Council to take the appropriate decision regarding it, in addition to providing recommendations to the relevant ministers to formulate policies to implement the decisions of the Cooperation Council.
The Ministerial Council is also responsible for encouraging aspects of cooperation and coordination between the various activities of the private sector, developing existing cooperation between the chambers of commerce and industry of member states, encouraging the transfer of labor from citizens of member states among them, and referring any of the various aspects of cooperation to one or more technical or specialized committees to study and submit appropriate proposals. In addition to considering proposals related to amending the system and submitting appropriate recommendations regarding them to the Supreme Council, which is also responsible for approving its internal regulations as well as the internal regulations of the General Secretariat.
The Ministerial Council, upon nomination by the Secretary-General, appoints assistant secretaries for a period of three years, subject to renewal. It also approves periodic reports as well as internal rules and regulations related to administrative and financial affairs proposed by the Secretary-General, as well as recommending to the Supreme Council to ratify the budget of the General Secretariat, prepare for the meetings of the Supreme Council and prepare a schedule. His work and consideration of what is referred to him by the Supreme Council.
Voting in the Ministerial Council shall be one vote for each member of the Ministerial Council, whose decisions on substantive matters are issued by consensus of the member states present who participate in the recommendations, and whose decisions on procedural matters and recommendations are issued by a majority.
The General Secretariat is one of the basic bodies in the Gulf Cooperation Council. The General Secretariat consists of a Secretary-General assisted by assistant secretaries and any employees required by the need. The Supreme Council appoints the Secretary-General from among the citizens of the Gulf Cooperation Council countries for a period of three years, renewable once, and nominates the Secretary-General. Assistant Secretaries. The Secretary-General also appoints Secretariat employees from among citizens of member states and may not make exceptions except with the approval of the Ministerial Council.
The administrative body of the General Secretariat consists of the Secretary-General and five assistant secretaries for political affairs and negotiations, economic and development affairs, military affairs, security affairs, and legislative and legal affairs. They are appointed by the Ministerial Council upon nomination by the Secretary-General for a period of three years, subject to renewal.
The General Secretariat also includes four heads of specialized sectors for political affairs, negotiation affairs, economic affairs, human affairs and the environment, who are directly linked to the relevant assistant secretaries-general, in addition to five heads of missions for foreign offices, who are directly linked to the relevant assistant secretaries-general, and are appointed by the Ministerial Council upon nomination by The Secretary-General is appointed for a three-year renewable term, as well as five general directors appointed by the Secretary-General.
The Secretary-General shall be directly responsible for the work of the General Secretariat and the proper conduct of work in its various sectors, and shall represent the Cooperation Council before others within the limits of the powers delegated to him.
The General Secretariat of the Cooperation Council is responsible for preparing studies on cooperation, coordination, integrated plans and programs for joint work of the Cooperation Council countries, preparing periodic reports on the work of the Cooperation Council, and following up on the implementation of the decisions and recommendations of the Supreme Council and the Ministerial Council by member states, in addition to preparing reports and studies requested by the Supreme Council or The Ministerial Council, as well as preparing draft administrative and financial regulations that are in line with the growth of the Cooperation Council and the increase of its responsibilities and preparing budgets and final accounts of the Cooperation Council.
The General Secretariat of the Cooperation Council is responsible for preparing for meetings, preparing the agenda of the Ministerial Council and draft decisions, and proposing to the President of the Ministerial Council to call for an extraordinary session of the Ministerial Council if the need arises, in addition to other tasks assigned to it by the Supreme Council or the Ministerial Council.
The Secretary-General of the Gulf Cooperation Council, the Assistant Secretaries, and all employees of the General Secretariat shall exercise their duties in complete independence. They must refrain from any behavior that is inconsistent with the duties of their jobs, and must not disclose their work secrets, whether during or after service.
The Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf and its agencies in the territory of each member state enjoy the legal capacity and the privileges and immunities required to achieve its purposes and carry out its functions. The representatives of the member states in the Council and its employees also enjoy privileges and immunities as well.