Jeddah (UNA) - Today, Tuesday (November 7, 2023), the work of the International Women’s Conference on Islam, organized by the General Secretariat of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation in the city of Jeddah in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, continued amid wide international participation.
At the beginning of the plenary session devoted to statements by the member states of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, the head of the Human Rights Commission in Saudi Arabia, Dr. Hala bint Mazyad Al-Tuwaijri, confirmed that Muslim women today face many challenges in order to exercise their rights guaranteed to them by Islam, including being deprived of some of their rights in some societies, What she faces due to neglecting to address the phenomenon of Islamophobia and spreading hate speech, which adds a greater challenge to Muslim women in their adherence to their religious faith..
She pointed out the tragic and inhumane conditions that the patient, struggling Palestinian woman is experiencing today, especially in the Gaza Strip, resulting from the war and aggression waged by the Israeli occupation authorities on civilians, the majority of whose victims are innocent, defenseless women, children and the elderly..
After that, statements were made by the member states of the organization that emphasized the status of women in Islam and expressed solidarity with Palestinian women and the Palestinian people in general in light of the brutal Israeli occupation and aggression they are exposed to.
After that, the first working session began entitled “Women’s Status and Rights in Islam,” where the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia, Retno Marsudi, confirmed that the teachings and values of Islam are clear and clear in empowering women and granting them all their rights.
She pointed out that although women have obtained many of their rights stipulated in Islam, such that they have become an important element in the process of construction and development in their society, despite this positive situation, we still find ourselves in the twenty-first century in dire need to discuss women’s rights issues in society. Islam.
She explained that this need is due to the extreme discrepancy that characterized the development of women’s empowerment policies in various Muslim countries and societies. While they gained their rights decades ago in very early societies, these rights were delayed in other societies.
For his part, a member of the Council of Senior Scholars in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Dr. Sami bin Muhammad Al-Suqair, reviewed the Qur’anic and Hadith foundations for the status of women in Islam, the features of Islamic legislation, and the foundations upon which all Islamic legislation in women’s issues is based, stressing that Islam honored women and exalted their status, and this is an honor that indicates The status of this religion and its primacy in honoring humans, especially women, among nations.
He stressed that Islam viewed men and women with no distinction in all public affairs unless it specifically included biological differences. Thus, there is no disagreement in the Islamic faith, and there is no disagreement in matters of worship except in simple matters in which the wise Lawgiver looked at women with a look of mercy and compassion and eased them. As for transactions, it is only rare, and this is due to the difference in nature as well.
He added, as for inheritance, there are cases in which a woman inherits the same as a man, with double his right, and other cases in which she inherits half his right, and all of this is based on great wisdom and subtle subtleties, which only those who strive to understand the Qur’an and Sunnah correctly know.
In turn, the Secretary-General of the International Islamic Jurisprudence Academy, Dr. Qutb Mustafa Sano, addressed in his intervention the status of women and their rights in Islam between texts and application, stressing that women in Islam enjoy a sublime status and high status.
He pointed out that the texts of the Qur’an and Sunnah were responsible for explaining the legal and cultural duties of a woman similar to the duties imposed on her male brother in the field of worship, transactions, and human development. These texts were also concerned with highlighting her rights that are parallel to the rights granted to her male brother in the field of thought, teaching, upbringing, and culture. Sociology, economics, and politics.
In her intervention, the former Director of the International Islamic University in Malaysia, Dr. Zulekha Qamaruddin, addressed the legal capacity of women in Islam and their rights to act, contract, inherit and own property.
Qamar Al-Din called for taking important initiatives, including reformulating policies, evaluating the current process, and developing measures to support efforts towards Muslim women obtaining property rights, with a focus on legal reforms to facilitate this matter.
For her part, Advisor to the Sheikh of Al-Azhar, Dr. Nahla Al-Saidi, reviewed the role of the fatwa in affirming women’s status and rights in Islam, stressing that the legal fatwas played an important role in enabling contemporary Muslim women to obtain their rights to knowledge, education, and property, which made them regain the pivotal role they played for centuries. Islam first.
During the second session, which was held entitled “Muslim women between Islamic teachings and social customs and traditions,” the former Minister of Finance and Planning of the Republic of Uganda, Sieda Bamba, touched on the issue of women’s education between Islamic legislation and social customs and traditions.
She pointed out that by comparing the Islamic principles related to women’s education and the prevailing social traditions and customs, the essence of Islamic teachings becomes clear that support women’s empowerment and their acquisition of their rights and knowledge, in contrast to some established traditions, influenced by social and cultural mechanisms that sometimes erect barriers that hinder efforts made towards developing education. woman.
The Secretary-General of the Muhammadiyah League in the Kingdom of Morocco, Dr. Ahmed Abadi, stressed that the Holy Qur’an has paid great attention to the issue of women, noting that this interest appeared in addressing women’s issues through a religious, legislative, and purposeful discourse in a direct manner in a number of surahs of the Holy Qur’an.
President of the Muslim Women Welfare Foundation in Australia, Abla Quddus, addressed the issue of “Muslim women and the conflict of identities,” highlighting ways in which communities, policymakers, and communities can better support and empower Muslim women in their quest to achieve a cohesive and satisfying identity that includes their faith, culture, and gender, which contributes to Making societies more inclusive and just.
For his part, Dr. Abdelkebir Hamidi, from Moulay Ismail University in the Kingdom of Morocco, explained that most of what the Islamic Sharia has stated on the subject of women are general provisions and general rules that require reformist diligence and flexible and renewable purposeful adaptation that keeps pace with the succession of times. The diversity of places, and the differences in cultural and social environments.
He stressed the necessity of clarifying the scientific approach that the jurist and mufti must adopt in dealing with the issues presented to him regarding Muslim women’s issues, and how the legal rulings must be reconciled or understood in light of customs and customs that sometimes contradict them.
Professor of Jurisprudence at King Faisal University in Chad, Dr. Aisha Taha Abdel-Jalil, reviewed a number of wrong customs and traditions in some Muslim societies that conflict with the spirit and tolerance of Islam and contradict its purposes, indicating ways and approaches for Muslim women to reconcile the texts of their religion with the customs and traditions of their society, which may sometimes conflict or overlap and are difficult. Draw dividing lines between them.
The conference will continue its work on Wednesday (November 8, 2023) with a third working session entitled Muslim Women in the Gulf, Arab and Islamic Framework, a fourth working session entitled Muslim Women in Contemporary Societies Opportunities and Challenges, and a fifth session entitled Prospects for Empowering Muslim Women in Education and Work..